Family members in Spanish

Family members

February 20, 2018

When we learn a language like Spanish or any other language, it is useful to learn about  family members, because it allows you to express your and other persons family relationships. Below, you will find a chart with the most common family members in Spanish.

el padre
father
la madre
mother
los padres
parents
el papá
dad
la mamá
mom
el chico
boy
la chica
girl
el hermano
brother
la hermana
sister
el hijo
son
la hija
daughter
los hijos
children
el abuelo
grandfather
la abuela
grandmother
el nieto
granson
la nieta
granddaughter
el tío
uncle
la tía
aunt
el sobrino
nephew
la sobrina
niece
el primo
cousin (m.)
la prima
cousin (f.)
la familia
family

Note: The word “familia” is singular even though its meaning refers to a group of people.

Extended family members in Spanish

In addition to the common members, on occasion, we have other people who are part of our family, but sometimes are not blood relatives. For these cases we have the following categories: step-, god- and – in law.

■ Step family

el padrastro
stepfather
la madrastra
stepmother
el hijastro
stepson
la hijastra
stepdaughter
el hermanastro
stepbrother
la hermanastra
stepsister

■ God family

el padrino
godfather
la madrina
godmother
el ahijado
godson
la ahijada
goddaughter

■ Family in law

el suegro
father in law
la suegra
mother in law
el yerno
son in law
la nuera
daughter in law
el cuñado
brother in law
la cuñada
mother in law

Expressing a family relationship

Family relationships in Spanish are expressed with the verb “ser”, the possessive adjectives or the preposition “de”.

For example:

Subject + verb ser + possessive adjective + family member

  • Ella es tu tía (She’s your aunt)
  • Él es nuestro abuelo (He is our grandfather)
  • Ellos son sus sobrinos (They are their nephews)

With preposition “de”

  • Yo soy la prima de Juan (I am Juan’s cousin)
  • Esta es la familia de mi esposo (This is my husband’s family)
  • Nosotros somos los hijos de tu madrina (We are your godmother’s children)

Quotes about family members in Spanish

My beautiful familyMi hermosa familia
Family is everythingLa familia es todo
It’s a beautiful familyEs una hermosa familia
My family is my strength and my weaknessMi familia es mi fuerza y mi debilidad
Family, nature and health go hand in handLa familia, naturaleza y la salud van de la mano
If you have a big family, you have a great lifeSi tienes una gran familia, tienes una gran vida
The only portion of fortune is family happinessLa única porción de fortuna es la felicidad familiar

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